Symptoms and Warning Signs of Alcohol
Table of Contents
Alcohol Symptoms and Warning Signs
How many people in the United States drink alcohol? A lot. The 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) reported that 86.4 percent of U.S. residents eighteen years old and older said they had consumed alcohol at some point in the course of their lives. In the same survey, 70.1 percent of Americans reported drinking in the past year.
Unfortunately, alcohol abuse is also a problem for many U.S. residents. About 26 percent of individuals aged eighteen and older said they were involved in binge drinking in the previous month. (Binge drinking is drinking large amounts of alcohol in a short amount of time.) Identifying warning signs of alcohol abuse may help individuals determine if or when they need help.
Common Symptoms of Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol abuse is a type of substance misuse. According to the U.S. surgeon general, “substance misuse is the use of alcohol or drugs in a manner, situation, amount, or frequency that could cause harm to the user or to those around them.”
When people abuse alcohol, they often begin by engaging in casual drinking or social drinking. Or, people may have a few drinks to relieve stress. People who misuse alcohol struggle with alcohol abuse. If this abuse continues, they could become physically dependent on alcohol and suffer from alcoholism or alcohol use disorder (AUD). Alcohol abuse, alcoholism, and AUD may create social and health problems that negatively impact a person’s life. Different alcohol abuse symptoms may help identify if a person needs treatment. Some of the warning signs may be difficult to recognize.
For example, people might isolate themselves or drink in private to try to conceal their alcohol abuse. This may present challenges to their family members because they will not know when help is needed or when they need to hold an intervention. It might also be easy to overlook mild alcohol abuse, but this again may be harmful to the individual over time. Some harmful symptoms of alcohol misuse include
- Temporary blackouts or short-term memory loss
- Excuses for drinking, such as saying that you are drinking to cope with stress, relax, or feel normal
- Signs of irritability
- Isolation from friends or family members and drinking in secret
- Bloodshot eyes
Even if people are experiencing mild alcohol symptoms, they should take them seriously. Seeking treatment during the early stages of alcohol abuse offers a better chance for recovering and enjoying happy, healthy lives.
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Recognizing the Symptoms of Alcoholism
While it is sometimes possible to detect alcohol abuse or alcoholism just by observation, people might also use screening tools to determine alcohol abuse or alcoholism. One useful alcohol screening tool is the CAGE questionnaire, a series of questions that asks people about their drinking habits and behaviors. If people answer yes to two or more questions in the CAGE questionnaire, they might be abusing alcohol and need treatment. The CAGE screening questions include:
- Have you ever felt that you needed to reduce your drinking?
- Do people annoy you by condemning your drinking?
- Does drinking make you feel bad or guilty?
- Do you drink in the morning to try to cure your hangover or fix your nerves?
The four questions are intended for self-screening and may help people determine if they should seek treatment. Doctors might also use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) to find information and diagnose problems.
Dangers of Alcoholism
Abusing alcohol may contribute to many problems that affect your personal and professional life. The effects may range from minor problems such as bad hangovers to serious issues such as alcohol-induced accidents. Social problems also include saying or doing regrettable things while drunk. Alcohol misuse in the U.S. causes 88,000 deaths every year. It also causes one in ten deaths among working adults in the nation.
You might think that overindulging in alcohol on weekends or on special occasions does not cause harm to your body. But, such alcohol use could be as bad as frequent or binge drinking. Drinking alcohol may create a number of short-term side effects, including:
- Impaired judgment that may contribute to accidents
- Nausea and vomiting
- Breathing problems
- Vision and hearing problems
If you indulge in long-term alcohol consumption, the repercussions may be serious. Using too much alcohol for a long time may damage the brain and other organs. It may also lead to other problems, such as:
- Anxiety disorders
- Psoriasis (an autoimmune condition)
- Liver cirrhosis (scarring of the liver)
- Weakened immune systems
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Neurological impairment
Many people abusing alcohol do not receive treatment because they deny that they have a problem. Some people shift their blame to certain situations or other people. It is important to accept and acknowledge that you have a problem with alcohol. You should not be defensive if people criticize you for drinking excessively. When you begin to realize that alcohol is taking a toll on your health and life, you may start seeking help to build a sober life.